Poverty and Squalor

Extreme poverty is defined as getting by on an income of less than $1.25 a day, which means households cannot meet basic needs for survival

 

 

Poverty is characterised by a lack of access to essential goods, services, assets, credits, and opportunities to which every human being is entitled. Everyone should be free from hunger, should be able to live in peace and should have

access to basic education and primary

health care.

 

Poor household need to sustain themselves by their labour and be adequately rewarded and should have reasonable protections from external shocks. Individuals and societies that are poor tend to remain so if they are not empowered to participate in the decisions that shape their lives. Majority of people living in rural Ghana fit into the World Bank's classification of extreme poverty. Extreme poverty defined by the World Bank as getting by on an income of less than $1.25 dollars a day, means that households cannot meet basic needs for survival. They are chronically hungry, unable to get health care, lack safe drinking water and sanitation, cannot afford education for their children and perhaps lack rudimentary shelter-a roof to keep rain out of the hut- and basic articles of clothing like shoes. The world bank estimates that 1.1 billion people around the world live in extreme poverty. Africa has the largest proportion, nearly half of its population live in extreme poverty. It is the only region in the world where the number has doubled in the last twenty years.

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